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apache rewrite 讲解402.com

2019年9月29日 - 计算机教程

Apache Rewrite实例2007-03-04 11:25<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerAdmin host@discuz.com
    DocumentRoot D:/www
    ServerName www.xiaojia.com
    ServerAlias xiaojia.com xiaojia.net
    ErrorLog D:/www/logs/xiaojia.com-error_log
    CustomLog D:/www/logs/xiaojia.com-access_log%Y%m%d combined
#    Alias /upimg “/home/www/wwwroot/phpchina.cn/upimg/”
#    Alias /wiki “/home/www/wwwroot/phpchina.cn/wiki/”
    <IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
    RewriteEngine On
#    RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !111cn.net [OR]
#    RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !www.111cn.net
#    RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://www.111cn.net$1 [R=301,L]
    RewriteRule ^(.*)/archiver/([a-z0-9\-]+\.html)$
$1/archiver/index.php?$2
    RewriteRule ^(.*)/forum-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)\.html$
$1/forumdisplay.php?fid=$2&page=$3
    RewriteRule ^(.*)/thread-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)\.html$
$1/viewthread.php?tid=$2&extra=page\%3D$4&page=$3
    RewriteRule ^(.*)/profile-(username|uid)-(.+)\.html$
$1/viewpro.php?$2=$3
    </IfModule>

  1. 下载discuz!
    mkdir /data/www
    cd /data/www
    wget  http://download.comsenz.com/DiscuzX/3.2/Discuz_X3.2_SC_GBK.zip
    unzip Discuz_X3.2_SC_GBK.zip
    mv upload/*  .
  2. 配置第一个虚拟主机
    删除httpd.conf中的这行前面的警号
    #Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf
    vim /usr/local/apache2/conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf
    加入如下配置:
    <VirtualHost *:80>
        DocumentRoot “/data/www”
        ServerName www.123.com
    </VirtualHost>
  3. 配置mysql,给Discuz!增加一个账户
    给mysql
    root账户设置密码,然后命令行进入mysql,创建新的库,并创建一个新的帐号对该库有所有权限:
    > create database discuz;
    > grant all on discuz.* to ‘aming’@’localhost’ identified by
    ‘123456aminglinux’;
    > quit
  4. 安装Discuz!
    先绑定hosts 
    192.168.11.190  www.123.com
    浏览器输入:
    www.123.com/install/
    根据提示,修改对应目录的权限
    cd /data/www
    chown daemon:daemon  data  uc_server/data  uc_client/data config   //
    让这几个目录支持apache运行帐号可写
  5. 为某个虚拟主机配置用户认证
    http://www.lishiming.net/thread-554-1-1.html
  6. 配置域名跳转
        <IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
            RewriteEngine on
            RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST}
    ^www.domain1.com$
            RewriteRule ^/(.*)$ http://www.domain2.com/$1 [R=301,L]
        </IfModule>
    如果是多个域名,可以这样设置:
        <IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
            RewriteEngine on
            RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST}
    ^402.com,www.domain.com [OR]
            RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST}
    ^www.domain1.com$
            RewriteRule ^/(.*)$ http://www.domain2.com/$1 [R=301,L]
        </IfModule>
    或者:    <IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
            RewriteEngine on
            RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST}
    !^www.domain2.com$
            RewriteRule ^/(.*)$ http://www.domain2.com/$1 [R=301,L]
        </IfModule>
  7. 配置apache的访问日志
    ErrorLog “|/usr/local/apache/bin/rotatelogs -l
    /usr/local/apache/logs/oem.discuz.qq.com-error_%Y%m%d.log 86400”
        SetEnvIf Request_URI “.*\.gif$” image-request
        SetEnvIf Request_URI “.*\.jpg$” image-request
        SetEnvIf Request_URI “.*\.png$” image-request
        SetEnvIf Request_URI “.*\.bmp$” image-request
        SetEnvIf Request_URI “.*\.swf$” image-request
        SetEnvIf Request_URI “.*\.js$” image-request
        SetEnvIf Request_URI “.*\.css$” image-request
        CustomLog “|/usr/local/apache/bin/rotatelogs -l
    /usr/local/apache/logs/oem.discuz.qq.com-access_%Y%m%d.log 86400”
    combined env=!image-request
  8. 配置静态文件缓存
    <IfModule mod_expires.c>
        ExpiresActive on
        ExpiresByType image/gif  “access plus 1 days”
        ExpiresByType image/jpeg “access plus 24 hours”
        ExpiresByType image/png “access plus 24 hours”
        ExpiresByType text/css “now plus 2 hour”
        ExpiresByType application/x-javascript “now plus 2 hours”  
        ExpiresByType application/javascript “now plus 2 hours”
        ExpiresByType application/x-shockwave-flash “now plus 2 hours”
        ExpiresDefault “now plus 0 min”
    </IfModule>
    或者使用mod_headers模块实现
    <ifmodule mod_headers.c> 
    # htm,html,txt类的文件缓存一个小时 
    <filesmatch “\.(html|htm|txt)$”> 
    header set cache-control “max-age=3600” 
    </filesmatch> 
    # css, js, swf类的文件缓存一个星期 
    <filesmatch “\.(css|js|swf)$”> 
    header set cache-control “max-age=604800” 
    </filesmatch> 
    # jpg,gif,jpeg,png,ico,flv,pdf等文件缓存一年 
    <filesmatch “\.(ico|gif|jpg|jpeg|png|flv|pdf)$”> 
    header set cache-control “max-age=29030400” 
    </filesmatch> 
    </ifmodule> 
  9. 配置防盗链
    SetEnvIfNoCase Referer “^http://.\*\\.yourdomin\\.com” local_ref
    SetEnvIfNoCase Referer “.*\.yourdomin\.com” local_ref
    SetEnvIfNoCase Referer “^$” local_ref
    <filesmatch “\.(txt|doc|mp3|zip|rar|jpg|gif)”>
    Order Allow,Deny
    Allow from env=local_ref
    </filesmatch>
  10. 访问控制
    <Directory /data/www/>
                Order deny,allow
                Deny from all
                Allow from 127.0.0.1
    </Directory>
    针对请求的uri去限制
        <filesmatch “(.*)admin(.*)”>
                Order deny,allow
                Deny from all
                Allow from 127.0.0.1
        </filesmatch>
    某个某陆下禁止解析php
    <Directory /data/www/path>
        php_admin_flag engine off           
        <filesmatch “(.*)php”>
                Order deny,allow
                Deny from all
        </filesmatch>
    </Directory>
  11. apache rewrite相关
    apache 限制指定user_agent 
    http://www.lishiming.net/thread-1033-1-1.html
    apache 限制某些目录不能访问通过rewrite实现 
    http://www.lishiming.net/thread-3587-1-1.html
    apache rewrite 出现死循环 
    http://www.lishiming.net/thread-1043-1-1.html
    discuz伪静态配置:
    RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^(.*)$
    RewriteRule ^/topic-(.+)\.html$ /portal.php?mod=topic&topic=$1&%1
    RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^(.*)$
    RewriteRule ^/article-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)\.html$
    /portal.php?mod=view&aid=$1&page=$2&%1
    RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^(.*)$
    RewriteRule ^/forum-(\w+)-([0-9]+)\.html$
    /forum.php?mod=forumdisplay&fid=$1&page=$2&%1
    RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^(.*)$
    RewriteRule ^/thread-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)\.html$
    /forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=$1&extra=page\%3D$3&page=$2&%1
    RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^(.*)$
    RewriteRule ^/group-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)\.html$
    /forum.php?mod=group&fid=$1&page=$2&%1
    RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^(.*)$
    RewriteRule ^/space-(username|uid)-(.+)\.html$
    /home.php?mod=space&$1=$2&%1
    RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^(.*)$
    RewriteRule ^/blog-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)\.html$
    /home.php?mod=space&uid=$1&do=blog&id=$2&%1
    RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^(.*)$
    RewriteRule ^/archiver/(fid|tid)-([0-9]+)\.html$
    /archiver/index.php?action=$1&value=$2&%1
    RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^(.*)$
    RewriteRule ^/([a-z]+[a-z0-9_]*)-([a-z0-9_\-]+)\.html$
    /plugin.php?id=$1:$2&%1

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